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So far I have not referred to a Negrito element in the Ethnology of New Guinea.

From time to time we have heard rumours of pygmy people, and German travellers have recorded very short individuals in Kaiser Wilhelm’s Land; but it was not till the expedition to Netherlands New Guinea of the British Ornithological Union of 1910–11 that a definite pygmy race was demonstrated.

The Ethnology of the fertile and populous Mekeo district has been mainly made known to us by the investigations of various members of the Sacred Heart Mission, and by Dr. What little we know of the Papuan Gulf district is due to missionaries among the coastal tribes, Mr. We have as yet a very imperfect knowledge of the ethnological history of New Guinea. or, again (3) Is there an hitherto unidentified indigenous broad-headed race?

Thus the East Indian archipelago has directly affected parts of Netherlands New Guinea, and its influence is to be traced to a variable degree in localities in the Bismarck archipelago, German New Guinea (Kaiser Wilhelm’s Land), Western Oceania, and British New Guinea or Papua, as it is termed officially. Furthermore, we have yet to assign to their original sources the differences in culture which characterise various groups of people in New Guinea.

The south-eastern peninsula of New Guinea—or at all events the coastal regions—has been largely affected by immigrants, who were themselves a mixed people, and who came later at various times. Something has been done in this direction, but much more has yet to be learnt.

And finally, when having at some risk prolonged my stay at Mafulu until those enquiries were completed, I was at last compelled by the serious state of my health to beat a retreat, and be carried down to the coast, he undertook to do the whole of my photographing and physical measurements, and the care and skill with which he did so are evidenced by the results as disclosed in this book.1 I must also add that the frontispiece and plates 17, 67, 68, 69 and 70 are taken from previous photographs which Father Clauser kindly placed at my disposal. A few students have been lawyers, but so far as I am aware Mr. 246, 315) corroborated these views and designated the two groups of “Melanesians” as the Eastern and Western Papuo-Melanesians.

My remembrance of His Lordship the Bishop, and of the Reverend Fathers and the Brothers of the Mission will ever be one of affectionate personal regard, and of admiration of the spirit of heroic self-sacrifice which impels them to submit cheerfully to the grave and constant hardships and dangers to which their labour of love necessarily exposes them. Seligmann has given me immense help, advising me upon my notes, placing material at my disposal, and afterwards reading through a considerable portion of my manuscript. Williamson is the first British lawyer who has gone into the field, and he has proved that legal training may be a very good preliminary discipline for ethnological investigation in the field, as it gives invaluable practice in the best methods of acquiring and sifting of evidence. The following year he published the great book to which Mr.

I endeavoured to carry out the enquiries of which the book is a record as carefully and accurately as possible; but it must be remembered that the Mafulu people had seen very few white men, except some of the Fathers of the Catholic Mission of the Sacred Heart, the visits of Government officials and once or twice of a scientific traveller having been but few and far between, and only short; that the mission station in Mafulu (the remotest station of the mission) had only been established five years previously; that the people were utterly unaccustomed to the type of questioning which systematic ethnological enquiry involves, and that necessarily there was often the usual hesitation in giving the required information. In November, 1908, he started for Oceania for the first time and reached Fiji, from which place he had intended to start on his expedition.

I cannot doubt, therefore, that future enquiries and investigations made in the same district will bring to light errors and misunderstandings, which even with the greatest care can hardly be avoided in the case of a first attempt on new ground, where everything has to be investigated and worked up from the beginning. Circumstances over which he had no control, however, prevented the carrying out of his original programme; so he went to Sydney, and there arranged modified plans.It is evident therefore that, apart from the valuable detailed information which Mr. I have eliminated the red route lines which appear in the original map, so as to avoid confusion with the red lines which I have added.Williamson has given us concerning a hitherto unknown tribe, he has opened up a problem of considerable interest and magnitude. The unbroken red lines and the red lettering upon my map are copied from a map, also kindly placed at my disposal, which has been recently prepared by Father Fillodean of the Mission of the Sacred Heart, and these lines mark roughly what the Fathers of the Mission believe to be the boundaries of the several linguistic areas within the district covered by their map.And dear good Father Clauser was a pillar of help in Mafulu. Some have approached it from the literary or classical side, but very few indeed of these have ever had any experience in the field.He placed at my disposal all his existing knowledge concerning the people, and was my intermediary and interpreter throughout all my enquiries. The majority of field workers have had a previous training in science—zoology not unnaturally has sent more recruits than any other branch of science.There are many people, more than I can mention here, to whom I owe my grateful thanks. Haddon took great trouble in helping and advising me, and, indeed, I doubt whether I should have ventured upon my solitary expedition if I had not had his stimulating encouragement. Women’s Hair Plaits decorated with European Beads, Shells, Shell Discs, Dog’s Tooth, and Betel Nut Fruit. Accordingly, in January, 1910, he once more set sail for Australia as a starting place for the Solomon Islands and British New Guinea, and this time achieved success; the book which he now offers to the public is the result of this plucky enterprise.

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