Describe one method of relative dating

Indeed, carbon 14 (14C) is formed from the reaction caused by cosmic rays that convert nitrogen into carbon 14 and then carbon dioxide by combining with carbon 12 (12C) and carbon 13 (13C ), which are stable carbon isotopes.Following the death of an organism, any exchange ceases and the carbon 14, which is radioactive and therefore unstable, slowly begins to disintegrate at a known rate (half-life of 5730 years, ie, after this period only half of the total carbon 14 present at the time of death remains).Typology Typology is a method that compares reference objects in order to classify them according to their similarity or dissimilarity and link them to a specific context or period.

Stratigraphy Inspired by geology, stratigraphy uses the principle of the superposition of strata which suggests that, in a succession of undisturbed SOILS, the upper horizons are newer than the lower ones.

Generally, each stratum is isolated in a separate chronological unit that incorporates artifacts.

The partial overlap of sets of trees that died at different times allows the construction of average chronological sequences (courtesy Groupe de recherche en dendrochronologie historique; illustration C.

Dagneau)Wall where the Gore Creek skeleton bones were found in 1975, in a gully located near Pritchard, BC. Helens Y tephra (ash) dated at 3200 years BP, and the lower white line is from the Mount Mazama eruption that took place almost 7000 years ago (courtesy Jerome Cybulski).

Dendrochronology Dendrochronology is a method that studies the rings of tree trunks to define characteristic sequences by analyzing the morphology of growth rings for a given species.

This method is based on the principle that the variation in tree growth from one year to another is influenced by the degree of precipitation, sunshine, temperature, soil type and all ambient conditions and that, consequently, reference patterns can be distinguished.

On the other hand, absolute dating includes all methods that provide figures about the real estimated age of archaeological objects or occupations.

These methods usually analyze physicochemical transformation phenomena whose rate are known or can be estimated relatively well.

Stratigraphic dating remains very reliable when it comes to dating objects or events in undisturbed stratigraphic levels.

For example, the oldest human remains known to date in Canada, found at Gore Creek, have been dated using soil stratification.

There are two main categories of dating methods in archaeology: indirect or relative dating and absolute dating.

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